The Aberdeen-Angus breed was advanced early in the 19th century from the polled and predominately black livestock of North East Scotland, recognized locally as "doddies" and "hummlies". As with other breeds of farm animals and sheep in Britain, as the breed established using the newly adopted improvements in husbandry and transport. The earliest families trace back to the middle of the eighteenth century but it was once so much later that the Herd eBook (1862) and the Society (1879) had been founded.The early historical past of the breed is the history of its breeders, revolutionary lairs and farmers, of which 3 were outstanding. Hugh Watson became tenant of Keillor in Angus in 1808. He gathered new stock from around Scotland and produced livestock of exceptionally high quality and character.
William McCombie came from a family of graziers and in early life was once dealing in large numbers of cattle. He took the farm of Tillyfour in Aberdeenshire in 1824 and founded a herd of Keillor blood. His carefully documented close breeding produced outstanding livestock that he showed in England and France to establish the recognition of the breed.
Sir George Macpherson-Grant returned again to the inherited property at Ballindalloch, on the River Spey, from Oxford in 1861 and took up the refining of our breed that used to be to his life & # 39; s work for almost 50 years . McCombie and Macpherson-Grant became members of Parliament.
By method of line breeding and selection for type, the early pioneers based in Angus, Aberdeenshire, Speyside and the Laigh of Moray, the greatest of pork breeds. Stock from here persisted to lead the breed well into the 20 th century while Aberdeen-Angus stock grew to spread all through Scotland, England and Ireland.
The stabilization of the breed within the USA came about at the end of the 19th century. By 1901, the USA was registering more pedestrian cattle than in Britain and now register forty time more pedigree & # 39; s. Very quickly the breed used to be to found in different English talking countries including Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, and in South America, particularly Argentina. Nowadays, all those countries have greater populations of pure blood Aberdeen-Angus than the British Isles.
Right through the first half of the twenty century, Britain was considered the fount of Aberdeen-Angus genetics and the leading breeders got here, and to the Perth February sales specifically, for seed stock. The export market was so much more rewarding. On the other hand however, over this era, the size of the cattle was decreed to the detriment of the industrial producers here and overseas. The nineteen sixties bought with it the import to the UK of large muscled draft-bred Continental cattle and the selling of this meat through supermarkets was encouraged and quality was allegedly supposedly in the interest of the economy.
Meanwhile, the will for faster growing cattle was noted worldwide-wide and our export markets quickly disappeared. The breed within the nineteen sixties found itself going through tricky times. Some progress was once made by means of selecting larger types among British stock, and specifically Irish, lines and a few good New Zealand and Australian imports additionally made their mark.
But salvation was found in North America. Our Herd Guide registered its first Canadian imports in 1972. Unable for veterinary reasons to import live stock from the USA, we have over the past 25 years introduced in various bulls and cows from Canada, in most circumstances these being offspring of leading performance recorded American sires. Semen and embryos have been imported direct from the USA.
LaTely, the breed is a blend of the North American bloodlines with Scottish pedigree and include the British lines. We have with this new stock calving ease and good temperament where the fleshing and the marbling that makes Aberdeen Angus the preferred temperature beef breed around the world.
For the British breeders, the only market is that of the commercial beef manufacturer, and through these producers the consumers of the best beef. The breeders of the Aberdeen Angus have the tools of old at their disposal and choice of stock that were used at Keillor, Tillyfour and Ballindalloch plus with the advancement in genetics and veterinary practice, AI and embryo transplant, and the help of sophisticated performance records.